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揭阳市2016年高中毕业班高考第一次模拟考试英语

2016-04-12 10:02 互联网

2016揭阳一模英语试题及答案

揭阳市2016年高中毕业班高考第一次模拟考试英语

第Ⅰ卷

第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Want to find a job? Now read the following advertisements.

FAIRMONT HOTEL

Five waiters and Ten Waitresses

---Aged under 22

---At least high school graduate

---Good looking; men at least 1.72 meters tall and women 1.65

---Those knowing foreign languages preferred

---Paid 1600-2200 dollars per month

One Secretary

---Aged under 30

---Female preferred

---Good at writing and skilled at computer

If interested, call 465-4768 or write to: Mr. Jack Hundris Room 0825, Fairmont Hotel

567 Wood Street, San Markers, 78003

Fax: 6954828

WILSON BOOKSTORE

Accountants(会计)

---Aged between 25 and 40

---With an experience of at least two years

---With a degree and an accountant certificate

---Paid 3000-4000 dollars monthly

---With a knowledge of computer

Salesclerks

---Basic education of 12 years or more

---Good at computer

---Paid 1800-2200 dollars monthly

Tel: 447-4398 Fax: 3485269

21. If you don’t know how to use a computer, you can just apply for the position as _____ 。

A. a secretary

B. a waiter or a waitress

C. an accountant

D. a salesclerk

22. If you want to get the position of accountant in Wilson Bookstore, you have to satisfy the

following conditions EXCEPT ____ 。

A. being a woman

B. knowing well how to use a computer

C. having been an accountant

D. having an accountant certificate

23. If you want to try for a job in Fairmont Hotel, you _________ 。

A. have to be a woman and know foreign languages

B. should be a university graduate

C. have to be taller than 1.72 meters

D. should be younger than 30 years old

B

Often speakers at a meeting experience dry mouths and ask for a glass of water. You can solve the problem by activating the saliva(唾液)in you mouth. First gently bite the edges of your tongue with your teeth. Or, press your entire tongue to the bottom of your mouth and hold it there until the saliva flow. Or you can imagine that you are slicing a big juicy lemon and sucking the juice.

Before you begin your talk, be kind to your voice. Avoid milk or creamy drinks which coat your throat. Keep your throat wet by drinking a little sweetened warm tea or water-down fruit juice.

If you sense that you are losing your voice, stop talking completely. Save your voice for your speech. You may feel foolish using paper to write notes, but the best thing you can do is to rest your voice. If you feel the need to see a doctor, perhaps getting some advice from a professional singer can be a better choice. In the meantime, do not even talk in a low voice.#p#分页标题#e#

What about drinking alcohol to wet your throat? I advise you not to touch alcohol before speaking. The problem with alcohol is that one drink gives you a little confidence. The second drink gives you even more confidence. Finally you will feel all-powerful and you will feel you can do everything, but in fact your brain and your mouth do not work together properly. Save the alcohol until after you finish speaking.Perhaps you want to accept the advice, but you may wonder if you can ever change the habits of a lifetime. Of course you can. Goethe, who lived before indoor skating rinks or swimming pools, said, “We learn to skate in the summer and swim in the winter.” Take this message to heart and give yourself time to develop your new habits. If you are wiling to change, you will soon be able to say that you will never forget these techniques because they’ve become a part of your body.

24. Which of the following things does the writer suggest that you should do before you began your talk?

A. Drink water-down fruit juice.

B. Have some drink with cream.

C. Have some cool milk.

D. Have high tea.

25. What does the writer suggest when you feel you are losing your voice?

A. Going to see a doctor.

B. Asking a professional singer for help.

C. Whispering the things that you want to say.

D. Keeping on talking rather than use a paper to write notes.

26. According to the text, what will happen to your speech when you drink alcohol?

A. Your face will be redder and more shining.

B. Your mouth and thought will not be in line.

C. You will be so confident as to carry out your speech perfectly well.

D. You will get excited enough to attract people’s attention in the speech.

27. What is the purpose of the writer to use Goethe’s words?

A. To encourage one to go in for sports.

B. To tell that Goethe had a strong willpower.

C. To prove one can change his habits.

D. To remind people of the techniques to develop a lifelong habits.

C

For centuries, mankind and dogs have suffered from a communication failure. We can tell dogs what we want them to do and sometimes they comply, but we’ve always struggled when it comes to understanding the true meaning of their barks and whimpers. There is exciting news now – a dog translator has been invented to help you communicate with your furry friend.

Researchers at North Carolina State University have fashioned some kind of miracle dog translator body harness(束腰带)。 What’s special about it is that it doesn‘t just rely on the dog’s vocalizations to interpret what Fido is banging on about.

Oh no – this miracle harness reads and interprets the ordinary dogs’ body language as well, giving us a full two-way dog communication experience.

Researcher David Roberts says: “Dogs communicate primarily through body language, and one of our challenges was to develop sensors that tell us about their behavior by observing their posture remotely.”#p#分页标题#e#

Sensors on the harness monitor the dog’s heart rate and body temperature and software builds up a vocabulary, letting the human know what the dog is feeling.

What would dogs say if they could talk to us? The human can even communicate back through the harness thanks to vibration motors, supposedly by tapping into the dog’s senses so that it can understand what you’re trying to say to it.

The dog harness is designed for dogs involved in search and rescue and other front-line work, but it’s got us dreaming of a beautiful future, one where humans and dogs can co-exist as equals, with the dog able to fully express itself at all times.

28. Why can’t people communicate with dogs?

A. They have difficulty understanding dogs’ barks and whimpers.

B. They have no idea about dogs’ behavior in relation to their posture.

C. They don’t know how to tell dogs what they want them to do.

D. They don’t have a machine to translate the dogs’ language.

29. What does the underlined word most probably mean in paragraph two?

A. Pursue fashion. B. Research. C. Influence. D. Make.

30. For what purpose is the dog harness designed?

A 。 It is designed for dogs to understand what people are trying to say to them.

B. It is designed for a full two-way dog communication experience.

C. It is designed to monitor the dog’s heart rate and body temperature.

D. It is designed for dogs doing search and rescue and other front-line work.

31. What is the author’s attitude towards the possible human-dog communication?

A. Shocked. B. Excited. C. Embarrassed. D. Annoyed.

D

The medical world is gradually realizing that the quality of the environment in hospitals may play a significant role in the process of recovery from illness.

As part of a nationwide effort in Britain to bring art out of the galleries and into public places, some of the country‘s most talented artists have been called in to transform older hospitals and to soften the hard edges of modern buildings. Of the 2,500 National Health Service hospitals in Britain, almost 100 now have significant collections of contemporary art in corridors, waiting areas and treatment rooms.

These recent initiatives owe a great deal to one artist, Peter Senior, who set up his studio at a Manchester hospital in northeastern England during the early 1970s. He felt the artist had lost his place in modern society, and that art should be enjoyed by a wider audience.

A typical hospital waiting room might have as many as 500 visitors each week. What better place to hold regular exhibitions of art? Senior held the first exhibition of his own paintings in the out-patients waiting area of the Manchester Royal Hospital in 1975. Believed to be Britain’s first hospital artist, Senior was so much in demand that he was soon joined by a team of six young art school graduates.#p#分页标题#e#

The effect is striking. Now in the corridors and waiting rooms the visitor experiences a full view of fresh colors, playful images and restful courtyards.

The quality of the environment may reduce the need for expensive drugs when a patient is recovering from an illness. A study has shown that patients who had a view onto a garden needed half the number of strong pain killers compared with patients who had no view at all or only a brick wall to look at.

32. According to the passage, “to soften the hard edges of modern buildings” means______.

A. to pull down hospital buildings

B. to decorate hospitals with art collections

C. to improve the quality of treatment in hospitals

D. to make the corners of hospital buildings round

33. According to Peter Senior, _______.

A. art is not as important in people’s daily life as in hospital

B. art galleries should be changed into hospitals

C. patients should be encouraged to learn painting

D. art should be encouraged in British hospitals

34. After the improvement of the hospital environment, _______.

A. patients no longer need expensive drugs in their recovery

B. patients are less dependent on expensive drugs in their recovery

C. patients need good-quality drugs in their recovery

D. patients use fewer pain killers in their recovery than before

35. The fact that Senior is in great demand shows that_______.

A. Peter‘s enterprise is developing greatly

B. Peter Senior enjoys great popularity

C. he is a talented hospital artist

D. the role of hospital environment is being recognized

第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容;从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Practical ways to get motivated

Be mindful of your “why”。

If I need to clean the floor, but I really don’t like cleaning, then I won’t feel very motivated to do it. However, if I have a big enough reason to do it — because I’m having some guests to come over, or I love the feeling of having a clean floor, then that “bigger purpose” can be strong enough to get me to act, even though I don’t enjoy cleaning. If I stay mindful of why I’m doing it, I can get motivated to do it.   36

Celebrate your successes.

It’s easy to get down on yourself because you haven’t reached your goal yet. You may overlook all of the hard work and small goals that you’ve accomplished. Remember to reward yourself and to celebrate your successes.   37  In the same way, how can you motivate yourself if you’re not going to reward yourself and celebrate your successes?

38

Imagine how good you’ll feel when you’ve reached your goal. Take a moment and think about how you’ll feel and what you’ll think after you’ve achieved it. What does it feel like?   39  Focus on that feeling, and use it to drive you right now to move towards your goal. Just think of how good it will be.#p#分页标题#e#

Get inspired.

Read stories, watch movies, listen to other people who have achieved what you want to achieve. Imagine what they had to go through to get to where they are. Imagine how big the heart is of some of your biggest heroes and how badly they wanted what they achieved.   40

A. Imagine having already achieved it.

B. Get help and support when you’re not feeling motivated.

C. So remind yourself of why you’re doing what you’re doing.

D. What kind of self-talk would you use to motivate yourself?

E. Let them inspire you to access your own great desire within.

F. You might feel proud, happy, satisfied, or any other emotion.

G. Would you be able to properly train a dog without rewarding him?

第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节, 满分45分)

第一节 完形填空(共20 小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A, B, C, D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

When I opened the box at my 12th birthday party, I couldn’t believe my eyes. I had really gotten a cell phone!

As soon as I got to my  41  the next morning I   42  off my phone and asked everyone for their  43  。

It felt like I didn’t even  44 in that class any more. I wouldn‘t pay much attention to the teachers because I was too busy on my 45  。 Luckily I didn’t get 46 using it. I was pretty

47  that the teacher didn’t  48  that I stopped paying attention to her  49 a week later we took a test and I failed. To make matters 50 , my mom had to 51 the test.

It was hard to show my mom the 52 。 She was used to seeing A‘s and B’s on my tests. Well, eventually, I showed her and she couldn‘t 53 it. She was angry but most of all, she was disappointed.

Weeks passed and my parents started to 54 the fact that I had a phone. They would say, “ We have noticed that you never pay attention to us. It’s like you have your own little 55 now and we don‘t communicate as much with your phone.”

I acted like they were wrong, but then I started to wonder if it was true that I was spending too much 56 on the phone.

A week later I tried 57 a whole day without a cell phone and it didn’t go that badly. I had so much 58 because I was actually spending time with my family and paying attention to them.From that day, I had a different point of view towards cell phones.

Phones really take you away from the rest of the world. I‘m not saying that phones are 59

and not to use them, but you do have to spare some time to spend with your family and not get 60

with your phone all day. My phone took away time from my homework and from my family. It also affected my grades.

I will keep using my phone, but I will have it under better control.

41.A.office B.school C.store D.home

42.A.took B.put C.turned D.showed#p#分页标题#e#

43.A.number B.name C.help D.address

44.A.come B.hand C.give D.exist

45.A.job B.test C.phone D.desk

46.A.caught B.allowed C.troubled D.appreciated

47.A.proud B.doubtful C.sure D.angry

48.A.mention B.notice C.prevent D.punish

49.A.until B.before C.though D.because

50.A.clearer B.easier C.worse D.better

51.A.read B.sign C.do D.make

52.A.box B.book C.homework D.paper

53.A.believe B.receive C.see D.achieve

54.A.ignore B.dislike C.accept D.enjoy

55.A.secret B.idea C.world D.dream

56.A.time B.force C.money D.control

57.A.studying B.working C.going D.thinking

58.A.trouble B.worry C.fun D.improvement

59.A.good B.bad C.necessary D.useful

60.A.interested B.pleased C.annoyed D.stuck

第II卷

第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节, 满分45分)

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,根据上下文在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。请将答案填写在答题卷的相应位置上。

One day an ant was drinking at a small stream and fell in. She made desperate efforts 61

(reach) the side, but made no progress at all. The poor 62 (exhaust) ant was still bravely doing her best when a dove saw her. Moved by her 63 (determine) and perseverance, the bird threw her a blade of grass, 64 supported her like a raft, and thus the ant reached the bank again. While she was resting and drying 65 (she) in the grass, she 66 (hear) a man come near. He was walking along barefooted 67 a gun in his hand. As soon as he saw the dove, he wished to kill it. He would certainly have done so, but the ant bit him in the foot just as he raised his gun to fire. He stopped to see 68 had bit him, and the dove 69 (immediate) flew away. It was an animal much 70 (weak) that had saved her life.

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